The human body has an amazing central nervous system that serves as a controller for brain to body and body to brain communications. Multiple sclerosis (MS) causes the body’s immune system to attack the myelin (the nerve fibers’ protective covering) which compromises the brain to body and body to brain communication ability. As this disease progresses, it damages or deteriorates the nerves. It becomes debilitating for some people.
Not everyone with MS has the same symptoms and health issues. Some MS patients have mild symptoms that require little to no treatment. One the other hand, there are those who experience problems with performing daily tasks such as getting dressed or walking, which requires treatment and/or assistance.
Due to the properties of cannabinoids, there is some promise for CBD oil for MS as a treatment option.
What are the signs and symptoms of MS?
The symptoms of MS occur due to the damage and deterioration of the nerve myelin that prevents the brain from sending signals to the human body as it is intended. As a result of this disease, symptoms may include:
- Feeling tired
- Muscle spasms or weakness
- Vision disturbances such as double vision or blurred vision
- Problems with walking
- Compromises bladder or bowel control
- Tingling and numbness
- Sexual issues
- Memory and focus problems
During the initial stage of MS, which occurs between the ages of 20 and 40, the person may experience relapses where the symptoms are worse followed by periods of recovery where the symptoms improve.
For others, MS continually worsens over time. The causes of MS are currently unknown, but it is believed that there is a genetic predisposition that increases the risks of developing MS. Scientists are currently researching and studying any link between viral infections and MS, but they have yet to find anything definitive.
What is CBD oil?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is the marijuana plant’s second-highest active ingredient after Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The difference between these two active ingredients is that CBD does not produce the psychotropic effects that THC does. In other words, CBD oil won’t make you high like THC as used in medical marijuana.
CBD oil is most commonly derived from the hemp plant. Hemp has lower amounts of THC, making it the ideal plant for CBD oil. However, there are exceptions. The hemp plant can sometimes become a marijuana plant and only produce THC. That is why it is vital to research CBD oil for MS before choosing this solution. That is one way to keep CBD oil for MS legal in states where marijuana is not.
The small trace amounts of THC in hemp CBD oil are acceptable according to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, not all states on the United States agree on the legalities of CBD oil or medical marijuana. Likewise, not all countries approve the use of these treatments.
How does CBD oil for MS work?
The endocannabinoid system that naturally occurs in the human body maintains homeostasis in the body by connecting the organs and systems. Therefore, the use of plant cannabinoids may have a therapeutic effect on human biology.
This clinicians’ guide features a table of the variables of hemp seed, CBD oils, and Cannabis oils respectively. It shows that hemp seed oils are extracted from the seed contain Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, vital antioxidants, and y-linolenic acid. The THC levels of hemp seed oils is “none” and CBD levels little to none. It is used in nutritional supplements and fiber and clothing.
Hemp CDB oils are extracted from the leaves and flowers of the plant and contain mostly Phytocannabinoids, terpenoids, CBD, and BCP. The THC levels in this CBD oil is less than 0.3 percent. These are used for medicinal purposes.
Cannabinoids are known to produce various effects on the human body when they attach themselves to specific receptors. The receptors that are already present in the human body are CB1 and CB2 receptors.
CB1 receptors are predominately in the brain, but some are present all through the body. These receptors manage movement, emotions, mood, pain, thinking, memories, appetite, and other such functions. THC is known to attach to these specific receptors.
CB2 receptors are found in the immune system and they affect pain and inflammation. At one time, researchers believed that CBD attached to these receptors, but in reality, CBD does not attach to CB1 or CB2 receptors. Instead, it assists the human body in using more of its own naturally-occurring cannabinoids.
Due to the nature of CBD oil, it may at least alleviate or manage the symptoms for MS patients. Studies like the one performed at the University of Colorado are showing promise by demonstrating the therapeutic potential that CBD oil for MS may have. However, more research and clinical trials are necessary to get definitive results.
A journal from Frontiers in Neurology suggests that cannabidiol for MS patients may be effective for improving mobility.
What are the adverse side effects of CBD oil for MS?
Most people who use CBD oil do not experience any adverse side effects. However, like any treatment, there is the potential for side effects. CBD oil may produce bloating, diarrhea, dizziness, or nausea. Drug and supplement interactions are the most common issues arising from taking CBD oil.
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CBD Oil for Multiple Sclerosis: Summary
CBD oil for MS is most often taken in gummy, spray, tincture, vape pens, or topical creams forms. It is prudent to discuss any new treatments for MS with your doctor.
The evidence is not definitive regarding the efficacy of CBD oil for MS, but what is evident are the characteristics of cannabinoids and how the more that is learned, the more it becomes a potential treatment for MS.
If your doctor approves you can try CBD for MS yourself to see if it works for managing or alleviating your symptoms.
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